Kategori: Diseases & Conditions

Academic skills disorders

Students with academic skills disorders often lag far behind their classmates in developing reading, writing, or arithmetic skills. These disorders can be divided into developmental reading disorders, developmental writing disorders, and developmental arithmetic disorders. Developmental reading disorder (also known as DYSLEXIA) is quite widespread, affecting from two percent to eight percent of elementary school children. […]

Acne

What is acne? Acne is a skin condition that occurs when the oil-secreting glands in the skin are clogged and become inflamed or infected. Ninety percent of teenagers get acne. How does it occur? Acne is caused by inflammation of the oil glands in the skin and at the base of strands of hair. In […]

Acute Cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, a small pear-shaped organ in the upper right area of the abdomen. The gallbladder holds bile produced by the liver. The bile is released into the small intestine where it aids in digestion, especially the absorption of fats. If the gallbladder is removed,that function is performed directly by the […]

Adoption Resource Exchange for Single Parents, Inc. (ARESP)

A nonprofit organization founded in 1994 to help single people adopt special needs children. ARESP provides direct services to the Washington area but also serves single adults nationwide, and is a member of the North American Council on Adoptable Children, Adoption Exchange Association, Adoptive Families of America, and Families Adopting Children Everywhere. The group advocates […]

Air bags

Since they were first placed in cars to serve as protective devices during accidents, 116 children have been killed by the force of deploying air bags, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. An air bag explodes out of the dashboard at rates of up to 200 miles per hour?faster than the blink of […]

Allergies

Overreactions of the immune system toward substances that are typically harmless to most people. In someone with an allergy, the body?s immune system treats the substance (called an allergen) as an invader and reacts inappropri-ately?triggering the symptoms seen in allergies. Everything from dust to cats to peanuts to cockroaches can cause allergies in children. Up […]

Alzheimer’s Disease

Synonyms of Alzheimer’s Disease Presenile Dementia Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionAlzheimer’s disease is a progressive condition of the brain affecting memory, thought and language. The degenerative changes of Alzheimer’s disease lead to patches or plaques in the brain and the entanglement of nerve fibers (neurofibrillary tangles). Memory loss and behavioral changes occur as a result of […]

Anaphylaxis

Synonyms of Anaphylaxis Allergic Reaction, Severe Anaphylactic Reaction Generalized Anaphylaxis Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionAnaphylaxis is a rare, generalized, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction to a particular substance (allergen) to which individuals have previously developed an extreme sensitivity (hypersensitivity). The reaction typically occurs within seconds or minutes or, more rarely, up to a few hours after exposure […]

Anencephaly

Synonyms of Anencephaly No synonyms found Disorder Subdivisions No synonyms found General DiscussionAnencephaly is a disorder involving the incomplete development of major parts of the brain. Anencephaly is classified as a neural tube defect (NTD), and that term refers to the incomplete development of the brain, spinal cord, and/or their protective coverings. The neural tube […]