Kategori: Diseases & Conditions

OSMED, Heterozygous

Synonyms of OSMED, Heterozygous Oto-Spondylo-Megaepiphyseal Dysplasia, Autosomal Dominant Oto-Spondylo-Megaepiphyseal Dysplasia, Heterozygous Pierre-Robin Syndrome with Fetal Chondrodysplasia Stickler Syndrome Type III Weissenbacher-Zweymuller Syndrome WZS Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionHeterozygous OSMED (oto-spondyl-megaepiphyseal dysplasia) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by skeletal malformations resulting in shortening of the upper limbs and thighs and short stature (rhizomelic dwarfism). Additional symptoms […]

Paget’s Disease of the Breast

Synonyms of Paget’s Disease of the Breast Mammary Paget’s Disease Paget’s Disease of the Nipple Paget’s Disease of the Nipple and Areola Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionPaget’s disease of the breast is a rare form of breast cancer that almost exclusively occurs in women. However, rare cases have been recorded in which men have been affected. […]

Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria

Synonyms of Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria Donath-Landsteiner Hemolytic Anemia Donath-Landsteiner Syndrome Immune Hemolytic Anemia, Paroxysmal Cold PCH Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionA majority of cases of paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) recorded in the early medical literature were associated with late syphilis or congenital syphilis. In the early 1900s over 90 percent of patients with chronic PCH had […]

Perniosis

Synonyms of Perniosis Chilblains Cold Induced Vascular Disease Erythema, Pernio Pernio Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionPerniosis is an inflammatory disorder that is triggered by prolonged exposure to cold and damp (humid) conditions. It is a form of inflammation of the small blood vessels (vasculitis) and is characterized by painful, itchy, tender, skin lesions on the lower […]

Physical Development

Physical growth begins to slow at around age 1. As growth slows, children need fewer calories and parents may notice a decrease in appetite. Two-year-old children can have very erratic eating habits that sometimes make parents anxious. It seems as though some children eat virtually nothing yet continue to grow and thrive. Actually, they eat […]

Polio

Polio (poliomyelitis, infantile paralysis) is a highly contagious, sometimes fatal, viral infection that affects nerves and can produce permanent muscle weakness, paralysis, and other symptoms. Polio is caused by poliovirus, an enterovirus, which is spread by swallowing material contaminated by the virus. The infection spreads from the intestine to the parts of the brain and […]

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

Synonyms of Porphyria Cutanea Tarda PCT PCT, type II porphyria cutanea tarda, type II porphyria, hepatocutaneous type porphyria, hepatoerythropoietic symptomatic porphyria UROD deficiency uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase deficiency Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionPorphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is a type of porphyria in which affected individuals are sensitive to sunlight. Exposed skin shows abnormalities that range from […]

Prolactinoma

Synonyms of Prolactinoma Amenorrhea-Galactorrhea, Nonpuerperal Forbes-Albright Syndrome Galactorrhea-Amenorrhea Syndrome Nonpuerperal Galactorrhea Disorder Subdivisions General DiscussionA prolactinoma is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland (adenoma) that produces an excessive amount of the hormone prolactin. In women, hyperprolactinemia is characterized by irregular menstrual periods (amenorrhea), infertility and production of breast milk in women who are not […]

Psoriasis

Synonyms of Psoriasis No synonyms found Disorder Subdivisions No synonyms found General DiscussionPsoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry, reddish (erythematous), thickened patches of skin that are covered with silvery-gray scales. These patches may be referred to as papules or plaques and most often affect the scalp, elbows, knees, hands, feet and/or […]